This chapter is about maps, and how they relate to GPS use.
We'll look at topography, the compass,
mapping, scale, projections, UTM, datum,
and the U.S. Geological Survey.
The sections on UTM
are especially important when using a GPS receiver with a map.
Topographic maps show the physical features of the land,
usually including "contour lines" of constant elevation.
Contours take some getting used to,
but once you learn "how to look at them",
they add a third dimension to a flat map.
Mountains, plains, ridges and valleys appear,
and they usually match what you see out there.
Smaller features can fall between the contour lines.
One easy source of confusion is which direction is "up",
but there is usually a peak, river, or lake
nearby to cue off of.
Elevations are given for major contour lines.
When there are no landmarks,
the contour of the land is usually easy to read and follow.